How To Replace A Circuit Breaker: Know Before Own a House

How To Replace A Circuit Breaker

There are many reasons why a circuit breaker might need to be replaced, from being old to tripping too often. If you think your circuit breaker is no longer working properly, it’s important to get it inspected by an electrician. In this blog post, we’ll cover how to replace a circuit breaker and when to replace them. We’ll also touch on some of the most common reasons why a circuit breaker would fail. After reading this blog post, you should feel confident about tackling any job involving a replacement of an old or faulty circuit breaker yourself!

Why A Breaker Would Fail:

There are numerous reasons why a circuit breaker may fail. There are a few possible causes that people generally tend to overlook:

·          Worn  Out Circuits: If the material which forms part of the circuit is worn out, then it could lead to the failure of your breaker.

·          Moderate Overload: Frequent short-circuiting can lead to overheating of the circuit which in turn may damage the internal parts.

·          Heavy Overload: A heavy overload might cause overheating and can lead to failure of a breaker too. If there is an increase in demand or if you are using high-power appliances, it increases the chances that your breakers will fail.

·            High Temperature: The temperature of the surrounding environment can also cause a circuit breaker to fail. If the circuits are installed in an area with high temperatures all year round, they will not be able to bear them and might lead to the failure of a breaker.

·          Harsh Environmental Conditions: An operating environment that is harsh can also lead to the failure of your circuit breaker. A circuit breaker is supposed to last for a long time and with harsh conditions, it isn’t possible.

·           Lightning or Surges: If there are lightning strikes nearby, your breakers might get damaged which can cause them not to function properly.

·        An  Overloaded Circuit: If there is a short circuit on the same circuit, it can cause an overload and a breaker may fail.

A common reason why a circuit breaker fails is if there are power surges or overloading. If you are using too many appliances at once, your breakers will constantly trip. It’s important to make sure that they can handle the appliances you use most frequently.

How To Detect When A Circuit Breaker Needs Replacing:

There are several methods that can be used to detect the failure or wear of a breaker before it happens. It is always better to get an inspection done by an electrician. You might not be able to see any damage to the breaker, but you might be able to notice some of the signs.

·          If your circuit breaker is tripping often, it’s going to fail soon. While an electrician can tell you for sure whether or not a breaker will fail by tripping frequently, this will give you a general idea that there is an issue.

·          If you notice that your breaker is hot to the touch when it trips, then there may be an overload or a short circuit somewhere in the house. This will not only affect your breaker but can cause some damage and safety concerns!

·          Another thing you should look out for is if there are any unusual odors near your breaker or any scorch marks on it. If you notice smoke and smell an odor similar to burning plastic, then there is most likely a short circuit or overload in the area causing damage to your appliances.

How To Replace A Breaker:

Once you’ve verified that your circuit breaker needs replacing, it’s time to go shopping for a new one. You can pick up any circuit breaker from a hardware store or an electrical supply shop. You may also be able to get them online but make sure that you know the right specifications of your old breaker before buying one, as well as the rating of your fuses.

Step One: There are some precautions you should take when replacing a breaker. The first one is to make sure that the power in your home is shut off before doing any work on it! You should also ensure that your hands are dry or wearing gloves and you should never touch two terminals of a circuit breaker simultaneously.

Step Two: After turning off the main switch, go to the panel box and remove the cover plate on top of the panel and unplug wires from the inside panel – do not remove them from their terminals! Note which color wire goes where, as they may have been labeled previously for identification in the event of a short.

Step Three: Remove the screws that hold down the panel and pull it out from its compartment. Grab it firmly by the sides to avoid injury, as some older panels can carry a large electric charge even when they are turned off! Most electrical panels have labels identifying their circuits; you might need this information later.

Step Four: Identify the circuit breaker you’re going to replace – it should be located near the top of the panel. If you have two or more rows, try to place yours in the bottom row for reasons we’ll get into later. Carefully label all the wires on your current breaker out of habit and safety, then disconnect them.

Step Five: Remove the old breaker and Install a new circuit breaker by connecting one of its terminals to an existing black wire in your house (usually marked with a “B”) and another terminal to an existing white wire (usually marked with an “W”). Note that most circuit breakers are designed to look like a standard light switch. When installing the new circuit breaker into its space, ensure it’s turned “off” by flipping it up. When you flip the switch back down, it will click into place as long as you have installed the breaker correctly.

Step Six: After replacing the new circuit breaker, plug in all the wires and reconnect them to their terminals inside the electrical panel. Check for any loose wires or other damage that may be causing problems, then fix them as needed before turning the power back on. Double-check to make sure that none of your appliances are plugged in before turning on power at the distribution box.

Step Seven: Finally, push the electrical panel back into its compartment and screw it in place. Once you’ve done this, test all your appliances to ensure everything is working properly before replacing the cover plate. If everything works fine, you’re finished! Now pat yourself on the back and celebrate!

Common mistakes people make when trying to replace their own circuit breakers:

People often do some common mistakes while replacing the circuit breakers. They are as follows:

1) Failing to shut off the power supply before replacing a breaker

2) Touching two terminals of a circuit breaker simultaneously

3) Mistaking a circuit breaker for an ordinary light switch

4) Accidentally using the wrong size circuit breakers in a panel box

5) Using cheap or faulty materials during installation of the circuit breaker.

Hence, it is always suggested to hire professional electricians if one isn’t well-versed with such kinds of tasks.

The Different Types of Circuit Breakers That Exist in Our Home:

There are different types of circuit breakers used in homes.

1) Single Pole Circuit Breaker: A single pole breaker is installed on a separate circuit. It is used as an independent disconnecting device to turn off and protect a single set of electrical conductors in the event that there is a problem. For example, you can install it for your stove if you don’t want to turn off your house’s power when you are using it.

2) Double Pole Circuit Breaker: Installing a double pole breaker is almost similar to that of a single-pole breaker. However, in this case, the two sets of electrical conductors are controlled by separate circuits where one breaker can disconnect the pair and the other circuit breaker will continue to work.

3) Multi-Pole Circuit Breaker: Installing a multi-pole breaker is almost similar to that of a double pole breaker. However, in this case, the two or more sets of electrical conductors are controlled by separate circuits where one breaker can disconnect the pair and the other circuit breaker will continue to work.

4) Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI): A GFCI (often pronounced G-F-C-I) is an electrical safety device designed to protect people from electric shock caused by the unexpected currents along the path of a low-voltage circuit. A GFCI works by comparing the amount of current returning via the hot wire with that coming back through the neutral. If the two currents differ, even by as little as 0.01 amps, the GFCI breaks the circuit.

A GFCI breaker fits into ordinary 15 or 20 Amp electrical outlets and protects people from shock by disconnecting the power if it detects an imbalance (if more current is flowing somewhere than is coming back). They’re usually required by electrical code for bathroom outlets, but they can also protect other areas such as garages and outdoor plugs.

RCD is the name used in the United Kingdom. In the United States and Canada, the terms ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI), ground fault interrupter (GFI) or appliance leakage current interrupter (ALCI) (also known as a Leakage Current Detection Interrupter (LCDI)) are used. If the RCD device has additional overcurrent protection integrated in the same device, it is referred to as RCBO.


5) Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI): AFCIs are designed to protect people from the hazards of arc faults in branch circuits supplying 120-volt, single-phase power to typical residential and light-commercial buildings. AFCIs continuously monitor the electrical current in the circuit to quickly respond to potentially hazardous arcing conditions and prevent their spread from one device to another.

6) Load-Centering Circuit Breaker: A load-centering breaker is an electrical safety device designed for installation on a portion of a 240 volt, three-wire, four-wire, or delta-connected load center to protect people from electric shock and prevent overheating of the system wiring. The feature that differentiates a load-centering circuit breaker from other types of safety devices is its ability to shift the neutral point in the load center to a more preferred location during normal operation.

7) Automatic Transfer Switch Circuit Breaker: An automatic transfer switch (ATS) is a load shedding device that provides emergency electrical power to selected loads when the source of normal electrical service fails. The ATS consists of two breakers installed in a special enclosure with suitable over-current protection, and an operating mechanism that allows manual or remote control operation. When normal power fails, the load-shedding ATS immediately transfers the load from normal power to emergency power.

When Should You Call an Electrician Instead of Attempting The Job Yourself:

If a homeowner doesn’t personally have the knowledge or if the task sounds too complicated, a homeowner should call in an electrician instead of attempting to do it themselves.  

If the breaker box is old and parts are starting to fail this would be a job for an electrician because replacing breakers with different types could disconnect some circuits from power or cause the system not to work properly.

If there is no house manual or you don’t know what the system is capable of, it’s best to call an electrician. If a homeowner attempt do-it-yourself and something goes wrong it can be dangerous and difficult to fix.

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